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Grunfeld, 1942. Social Research 9(1):22-45

Women's Work in Russia's Planned Economy
Judith Grunfeld

Social Research: An International Quarterly

Volume 9, No. 1 (Spring 1942): 22-45

EXCERPT: Russia's industrial development at the beginning of this century created a demand for women workers. In the years preceding the first World War employment of women in manufacturing industries was rising considerably, and the Factory Inspection reported even replacement of male by female workers. By 1913 female wage-earners in large industry numbered 636,000, or 24.5 percent of all wage-earners. Two out of three women workers were employed in the textile and clothing industries, in which they actually outnumbered male workers. Thus in the early stage of Russia's industrialization the proportion of women workers proved similar to that in far more industrialized countries, such as the United States and Germany. Russia's experience before the first World War confirmed the well known fact that industrialization creates a demand for female labor and thus dissolves the economic unit of the home by forcing women to work outside the home to help support the family.
Stock number:SRJ-ART-091-0022 Price:$15.00

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