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Ascoli, 1937. Social Research 4(3):338-347

Part Three: The Bearing of Education: Education in Fascist Italy
Max Ascoli

Social Research: An International Quarterly

Volume 4, No. 3 (Fall 1937): 338-347

EXCERPT: In 1922, the Fascists came to power in Italy with no program of reforms of their own, but a great desire to accomplish some reform and the power to do it. Giovanni Gentile, one of the foremost philosophers of Italy, was entered into the Fascist cabinet as Minister of Public Instruction and managed to radically transform the failing educational system in less than one year. Resembling American progressive education, the new system revolved around the main idea that the child had to be brought up to realize by himself, in his own terms, his own desire for learning. Every element of indoctrination, therefore, had to be ruthlessly stamped out: a teacher is he who is able to grow with his pupil. The emphasis was against bureaucracy and its debasing influence on culture -Meanwhile, Fascism too was becoming aware of itself. It was starting the movement which led in a short time to the military regimentation of all the children of Italy, from the cradle up. The school teacher, embodi
Stock number:SRJ-ART-043-0338 Price:$15.00

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